Normally, poodles are strongly line bred, for a combination of traits such as size and coat colour.
Poodle crossbreeds or poodle hybrids are the offspring of purebred poodles that have been crossbred with another purebred dog breed. They may be described as a mixed breed dog, designer dog or, sometimes, as a hybrid dog. In biological terms, poodle crossbreeds are an intraspecies hybrid, rather than a hybrid between two different species, since all dogs belong to the same species and subspecies: Canis lupus familiaris.
While some crosses are accidental, many crosses are intentionally bred. Among reputable breeders, crossbreeding is an attempt to breed dogs with positive characteristics of two recognized breeds. For example, the Labradoodle was originally bred in an attempt to create a dog with a Labrador temperament and a hypoallergenic poodle coat. The intent was to create guide dogs for people with allergies. However − as with all crosses − only some puppies from crossbreeding of two purebreds will inherit both desired traits, some will inherit one trait, and some neither. Even when crossbred dogs manifest dominant traits, these dogs may not pass on the desired traits to offspring. One of these desired traits are the fleece coat of the Standard Poodle. If a puppy has this trait, they are a lot less likely to shed.
While crossbreeding does not guarantee better health, hybrids bred from parents with disparate gene pools may have far lower chances of expressing disorders associated with the parent breeds.